Monday, January 20, 2020

Voice, Imagery, Symbols and Theme in Snows of Kilimanjaro Essay

Voice, Imagery, Symbols and Theme in Snows of Killamanjaro The Snows of Kilimanjaro, a short story by Ernest Hemingway, is a brilliant study of a man's final hours precluding death.   The story centers around Harry and his wife, waiting for a plane to come and take him to a doctor or hospital.   Thus begins a stream of passages that takes the reader along with Harry while he drifts in and out of consciousness, moving from one life to the next.   The obvious theme is death and dying, but the home theme is Harry's return to his past, and his journey to the present.   Hemingway uses animal imagery in the story to reflect the dying theme, and to show two distinct sides of Harry, and his passing from life to death .   The story opens with Harry discussing his dying leg and the smell that the infection or gangrene creates. He reflects on the three big birds (vultures) waiting in the horizon   "Look at them," he said.   "now is it sight or is it scent that brings them like that?"   His use of adjectives to describe the birds and their waiting for him to die projects a feeling of death, and sets the tone for the story, using words such as "obscene" and "shadow"   and "sail" to correlate the emergence of the birds with the ascent of death.  Ã‚   "...as he looked out past the shade onto the glare of the plane there were three of the big birds squatted obscenely, while in the sky a dozen more sailed, making quick moving shadows as they passed."  Ã‚   His introduction of various animals that are typically associated with death and dying into the story at intervals replicate the passing phases of the death process.   "They've been there since the looked out past the shade onto the glare of the plane there were three of the big birds squatted obs... ...y were out.."   The Snows of Kilimanjaro is a powerful story, beautifully written, chronicling one mans journey from life to death.   It's a step by step process, with each step brilliantly depicted in a small passing of time.   "It moved up closer to him still and now he could not speak to it, and when it saw he could not speak it came a little closer, and now he tried to send it away without speaking, but it moved in on him so its weight was all upon his chest, and while it crouched there he could not move, or speak.."   At the end of the story the animal emerges again, this time serving as the call to Harry's death.   "Just then the hyena stopped whimpering in the night and started to make a strange, human, almost crying sound. The woman heard it and stirred uneasily."  Ã‚   Works Cited: Hemingway, Ernest. "The Snows of Kilimanjaro." Baym, et al. 2: 1687-1704.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

The Renaissance: the Invention of the Printing Press

At the height of the Hussite crisis in the early 1400's, when the authorities ordered 200 manuscripts of heretical writings burned, people on both sides realized quite well the significance of that act. Two hundred handwritten manuscripts would be hard to replace. Not only would it be a time consuming job, but also trained scribes would be hard to find. After all, most of them worked for the Church, and it seemed unlikely that the Church would loan out its scribes to copy the works of heretics.Although the Hussites more than held their own against the Church, their movement remained confined mainly to the borders of their homeland of Bohemia. One main reason for this was that there was no mass media, such as the printing press to spread the word. A century later, all that had changed. Like any other invention, the printing press came along and had an impact when the right conditions existed at the right time and place. In this case, that was Europe in the mid 1400's.Like many or most inventions, the printing press was not the result of just one man's ingenious insight into all the problems involved in creating the printing press. Rather, printing was a combination of several different inventions and innovations: block printing, rag paper, oil based ink, interchangeable metal type, and the squeeze press. If one process started the chain reaction of events that led to the invention of the printing press, it was the rise of towns in Western Europe that sparked trade with the outside world all the way to China.That trade exposed Europeans to three things important for the invention of the printing press: rag paper, block printing, and, oddly enough, the Black Death. For centuries the Chinese had been making rag paper, which was made from a pulp of water and discarded rags that was then pressed into sheets of paper. When the Arabs met the Chinese at the battle of the Talas River in 751 A. D. , they carried off several prisoners skilled in making such paper. The tech nology spread gradually across the Muslim world, up through Spain and into Western Europe by the late 1200's.The squeeze press used in pressing the pulp into sheets of paper would also lend itself to pressing print evenly onto paper. The Black Death, which itself spread to Western Europe thanks to expanded trade routes, also greatly catalyzed the invention of the printing press in three ways, two of which combined with the invention of rag paper to provide Europe with plentiful paper. First of all, the survivors of the Black Death inherited the property of those who did not survive, so that even peasants found themselves a good deal richer.Since the textile industry was the most developed industry in Western Europe at that time, it should come as no surprise that people spent their money largely on new clothes. However, clothes wear out, leaving rags. As a result, fourteenth century Europe had plenty of rags to make into rag paper, which was much cheaper than the parchment (sheepski n) and vellum (calfskin) used to make books until then. Even by 1300, paper was only one-sixth the cost of parchment, and its relative cost continued to fall. Considering it took 170 calfskins or 300 sheepskins to make one copy of the Bible, we can see what a bargain paper was.But the Black Death had also killed off many of the monks who copied the books, since the crowded conditions in the monasteries had contributed to an unusually high mortality rate. One result of this was that the cost of copying books rose drastically while the cost of paper was dropping. Many people considered this unacceptable and looked for a better way to copy books. Thus the Black Death rag paper combined to create both lots of cheap paper plus an incentive for the invention of the printing press.The Black Death also helped lead to the decline of the Church, the rise of a money economy, and subsequently the Italian Renaissance with its secular ideas and emphasis on painting. It was the Renaissance artists who, in their search for a more durable paint, came up with oil-based paints. Adapting these to an oil-based ink that would adhere to metal type was fairly simple. Block printing, carved on porcelain, had existed for centuries before making its way to Europe. Some experiments with interchangeable copper type had been carried on in Korea.However, Chinese printing did not advance beyond that, possibly because the Chinese writing system used thousands of characters and was too unmanageable. For centuries after its introduction into Europe, block printing still found little use, since wooden printing blocks wore out quickly when compared to the time it took to carve them. As a result of the time and expense involved in making block prints, a few playing cards and pages of books were printed this way, but little else. What people needed was a movable type made of metal.And here again, the revival of towns and trade played a major role, since it stimulated a mining boom, especially in Ge rmany, along with better techniques for working metals, including soft metals such as gold and copper. It was a goldsmith from Mainz, Germany, Johannes Gutenberg, who created a durable and interchangeable metal type that allowed him to print many different pages, using the same letters over and over again in different combinations. It was also Gutenberg who combined all these disparate elements of movable type, rag paper, the squeeze press, and oil based inks to invent the first printing press in 1451.The first printed books were religious in nature, as were most medieval books. They also imitated (handwritten) manuscript form so that people would accept this new revolutionary way of copying books. The printing press soon changed the forms and uses of books quite radically. Books stopped imitating manuscript forms such as lined paper to help the copiers and abbreviations to save time in copying. They also covered an increasingly wider variety of non-religious topics (such as grammar s, etiquette, and geology books) that appealed especially to the professional members of the middle class.By 1482, there were about 100 printing presses in Western Europe: 50 in Italy, 30 in Germany, 9 in France, 8 each in Spain and Holland, and 4 in England. A Venetian printer, Aldus Manutius, realized that the real market was not for big heavy volumes of the Bible, but for smaller, cheaper, and easier to handle â€Å"pocket books†. Manutius further revolutionized book copying by his focusing on these smaller editions that more people could afford. He printed translations of the Greek classics and thus helped spread knowledge in general, and the Renaissance in particular, across Europe.By 1500, there were some 40,000 different editions with over 6,000,000 copies in print. The printing press had dramatic effects on European civilization. Its immediate effect was that it spread information quickly and accurately. This helped create a wider literate reading public. However, its importance lay not just in how it spread information and opinions, but also in what sorts of information and opinions it was spreading. There were two main directions printing took, both of which were probably totally unforeseen by its creators.First of all, more and more books of a secular nature were printed, with especially profound results in science. Scientists working on the same problem in different parts of Europe especially benefited, since they could print the results of their work and share it accurately with a large number of other scientists. They in turn could take that accurate, not miscopied, information, work with it and advance knowledge and understanding further. Of course, they could accurately share their information with many others and the process would continue.By the 1600's, this process would lead to the Scientific Revolution of the Enlightenment, which would radically alter how Europeans viewed the world and universe. The printing press also created its s hare of trouble as far as some people were concerned. It took book copying out of the hands of the Church and made it much harder for the Church to control or censor what was being written. It was hard enough to control what Wycliffe and Hus wrote with just a few hundred copies of their works in circulation.Imagine the problems the Church had when literally thousands of such works could be produced at a fraction of the cost. Each new printing press was just another hole in the dyke to be plugged up, and the Church had only so many fingers with which to do the job. It is no accident that the breakup of Europe's religious unity during the Protestant Reformation corresponded with the spread of printing. The difference between Martin Luther's successful Reformation and the Hussites' much more limited success was that Luther was armed with the printing press and knew how to use it with devastating effect.Some people go as far as to say that the printing press is the most important invent ion between the invention of writing itself and the computer. Although it is impossible to justify that statement to everyone's satisfaction, one can safely say that the printing press has been one of the most powerful inventions of the modern era. It has advanced and spread knowledge and molded public opinion in a way that nothing before the advent of television and radio in the twentieth century could rival. If it were not able to, then freedom of the press would not be such a jealously guarded liberty as it is today.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Minimum Wage Is Necessary For A Basic Quality Of Life

Minimum wage is defined as the lowest possible income that an employer can legally pay an employee. These provisions are contained in the Fair Labor Standards Act. The purpose of minimum wage is to ensure that all workers are fairly paid and not exploited by companies or businesses. However this is not always the case instead this policy ends up hurting low-end workers and the economy in terms of lower job opportunities. Sustainability, in this case, is defined as the ability to maintain a certain amount of physical property. Considering this definition of sustainability, minimum wage is not a feasible salary to survive with a basic quality of life. Standard minimum wage presently is a base pay of $7.25 an hour. The current amount of minimum wage fails to keep pace with inflation and the rising cost of living (Biegler, 2014). Living standards in the United States have risen over time just as overall consumption levels have increased. The outdated measurement of poverty underestimates the amount of income families need to sustain a comfortable living. The original poverty thresholds were set in the early 1960s. Since then, there have been significant changes in family spending patterns that the poverty threshold fails to capture. For example, families are demanding and paying for more health care and child care because of changes in health insurance coverage, rising health care costs, and women’s increased labor force participation (Chasanov, 2004).This only means thatShow MoreRelatedA Brief Note On The Myanmar Garment Industry Essay1693 Words   |  7 PagesThe Myanmar garment industry is still extremely small and it tends to specialists in higher quality by comparing with other countries in the region. 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Martin added to her definition of poverty stating that people who are living in poverty have a difficult time meeting their basic needs for food, shelter, and clothing due to the amount of income that person has (personal communication, June 17, 2015). â€Å"Overall poverty means the same for each communityRead MoreMinimum And Livable Wage Term Paper3050 Words   |  13 PagesMINIMUM AND LIVABLE WAGE TERM PAPER 1 Minimum and Livable Wage Term Paper Ben Berlin Xiaotong Huang Nikki Iloka Santos Rugel Loyola University - Compensation 413 Historical Overview Since its inception, minimum wage has been a controversial topic among economists. The United States passed the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), a federal minimum wage law, in 1938 and has increased its wages and who it covers at sporadic intervals. Minimum wage can be defined as the smallest amount ofRead MoreHigh School Dropout Essay822 Words   |  4 PagesHigh school is an extremely important time in a teenager’s life. They are taught many skills that are important to their future. More teenagers are dropping out of school each year for various reasons. The high school dropout age should be raised because it creates a lifetime of challenges. Dropping out of high school affects one’s future and quality of life. The high school dropout age should be raised to eighteen because of how much it affects a person’s future. High school dropouts usually already

Friday, December 27, 2019

Essay on Country Profile South Korea - 3020 Words

South Korea Introduction South Korea is one of the most dynamic countries in the world, South Korea has emerged from a chaotic history, and has rightfully ascended the ladder to become a world power. Bordering North Korea in the south and separated from China and Japan by the Sea of Japan, Yellow Sea and Korea Strait, South Korea is an active participant in what is one of Asia’s most historically volatile areas The national flag of Korea is called â€Å"Taegeukgi’. According to Korea.net â€Å"Its design symbolizes the principles of the yin and yang in Asian philosophy. The upper red section of the circle in the center of the flag represents the proactive cosmic forces of the yang. On the other hand, the lower blue section represents the†¦show more content†¦The war left indelible marks on the Korean Peninsula and the world surrounding it. The chances for peaceful unification had been remote even before 1950, but the war dashed all such hopes. The war also intensified hostilities between the communist and noncommunist camps in the accelerating East-West arms race. Moreover, a large number of Chinese volunteer troops remained in North Korea until October 1958. The United States continued to station troops in South Korea, over the strenuous objections of North Korean leaders. After the bloodiest Korean War ended, South Korea started to develop by hosting of 1988 Olympics. So uth Korea became a member of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development in 1996. The country owes its economic development to the Chaebols, family owned business in the country. Some of the internationally renowned Chaebols are Samsung, Hyundai, and LG. The sunshine Policy of Kim Dae Jung led to development of trade and investment between the two countries- South Korea and North Korea. Today South Korea is one of the leading countries in Asia holding immense clout in the economy and the politics of the region. 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Thursday, December 19, 2019

Foster Care Services A Temporary Living Arrangement For...

Foster care services in the U.S. have been decreasing while children in the system have been increasing. According to Teresa James, Commissioner of the Department of Community Based Services, the system has an average of 7,700 to 8,200 children in need of foster care (qtd. in Toncray). Reduction of the system has caused foster children to suffer more than they already have. This has reached a crisis in which needs immediate attention. The U.S. government and foster care services know of the issues, but continue to disregard. There is more to the children then many people may realize. Foster children will end up homeless and stay suffering if no attention is aided. Few people know what foster care means and many ponder at those words. An online article published by â€Å"Foster Care† indicated that foster care is a temporary living arrangement for abused and neglected children who are in need of a safe place to live when their guardians cannot take responsibility over them. A child arises into the system when foster care services suspect a child is in danger (â€Å"Foster Care†). When a judge approves, the system takes in the child. The main reason of why children end up in foster care services is mainly due to the guardian. Foster children usually have families who deal with issues like alcohol use, illness, drug addiction, or homelessness. Those issues will affect the child negatively if remained in environment. All children in foster care can range anywhere from infants to 18 yearsShow MoreRelatedThe Dark Side Of Foster Care1418 Words   |  6 PagesDark Side of Foster Care The foster care system, is a temporary arrangement in which adults provide for the care of a child or children whose birthparent is unable to care for them. This can be for a variety of reasons, they can be addicted to drugs, homeless with no means of support or they have passed away and there is no other family member to take the child or children. No matter the reason, the children are placed into a home for their protection. However, some of the children aren’t alwaysRead MoreIs Foster Care The Best Place For A Looked After Child?3328 Words   |  14 PagesIs foster-care the best place for a looked after child? Every child is entitled to feel respected, safe, loved and feel that they belong. It must, however, be recognised that society and families are changing and become acquainted with the life-changing impact these changes have on children. Every 22 minutes, a child comes into care in need of a foster family. But is foster-care the best option for these children or is foster-care becoming a cost-effective blanket approach for children requiringRead MoreFoster Care System Final Essay3845 Words   |  16 PagesFoster Care System: Children without families SOC 331: Social Justice and Ethics Bernie Colon November 14, 2011 Raising children is one of the most important responsibilities in any society. Today, working parents have many options, but what about those children who have neither a mother nor father? What about those children who come from broken and abusive homes? In such cases there are often few choices. Parentless children may be placed in orphanages or in foster homes. Ideally, foster careRead MoreFoster Care As A Temporary Solution Essay2212 Words   |  9 PagesFoster care is one of the major issues still faced in this world today. According to Crosson-Tower (2013), in the early 1800s, boarding homes were instituted with the idea of rescuing â€Å"good† children from ‘bad† parents. She noted that the idea of paying for foster homes to house children was renounced because agencies advocating foster care argued that it would lead to foster parents taking children for money rather than out of altruism. However, she also explained that the practice of paying forRead MoreR e: Assignment5996 Words   |  24 PagesP2: Outline the arrangements for providing quality care for looked after children and young people M1: Discuss how policies and procedures help children, young people and their families whilst the child is being looked after M2: Explain the roles and responsibilities of two members of the children’s workforce in relation to looked after children and young people D1: Evaluate the regulation of care provision for looked after children and young people For the P2 assignment, I’m going to outlineRead MoreFoster Care As A Temporary Solution Essay2185 Words   |  9 PagesFoster Care is one of the major issues still faced in this world today. According to Crosson-Tower (2013), in the early 1800s, boarding homes was instituted with the idea of rescuing â€Å"good† children from ‘bad† parents. She notes that the idea of paying for foster homes to house children was renounced because agencies advocating foster care argued that it will lead foster parents to take children for money rather than out of altruism. However, she also explains the practice of paying for foster careRead MoreCaring for Children and Young People Unit 10 Level 3 Ext7629 Words   |  31 PagesUnit 10 Caring for children young people P1-There are many different reasons why children and young people may need to be looked after which are unforeseen, unexpected and planned situations. Common reasons could involve family related issues including: family breakdown, bereavement, loss of parent, illness or incapacity of a parent such as: hospitalisation, substance misuse or mental health needs, which means there is no one else to provide care. A Child or young person are suspected or actuallyRead MoreProblems and Issues in Implementing of Ra 9344 of Isabela9768 Words   |  40 PagesIMPLEMENTING OF RA 9344 OF ISABELA Chapter I INTRODUCTION I.BACKGROUND OF STUDY Children often test the limits and boundaries set by their parents and other authority figures. Among adolescents, some rebelliousness and experimentation is common. However, a few children consistently participate in problematic behaviors that negatively affect their family, academic, social, and personal functioning. These children present great concern to parents and the community at large. The prevention of delinquencyRead Moreunit 025 understand how to safeguard the wellbeing of children and young people12685 Words   |  51 Pagesï » ¿025.1 Safeguarding children in Wales the Children Act 1989 legislates for England and Wales. The current guidance for Wales is Safe guarding children: working together under the Children Act 2004 (Welsh Assembly Government, 2006). The Children’s Commissioner for Wales Act 2001 created the ï ¬ rst Children’s Commissioner post in the UK. The principal aim of this position is to safeguard and promote the rights and welfare of ch ildren. In June 2010, the Welsh Assembly Government laid down the ProposedRead MoreJuvenile Crime Issues in Today’s Criminal Justice System18893 Words   |  76 Pages0-558-86611-5 541 Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st Century, Eleventh Edition, by Frank Schmalleger. Published by Prentice Hall. Copyright  © 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. 542 PA R T 5 Special Issues We fight for our children, that they may enjoy the promise of America. We fight for their innocence and their dreams. It is a fight for our future. —Former U.S. Attorney General Alberto R. Gonzales Our society’s fearful of our kids. I think we don’t know how to set limits

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Business Information Systems Forces Framework

Question: Describe about the Report for Business Information Systems of Forces Framework. Answer: Part 1: Sample resume for a Teacher: Name: Alex Holms Age: 27 years Gender: Male Address: 1/2 Maximums road, Melbourne, Australia Summary: Teaching is a satisfactory and challenging occupation. I enjoy the role of a teacher with my whole heart. I am a physic teacher in XYZ School. With excellent communication skill, deep knowledge of the subject and co-operative attitude, I am focusing on the individual needs to the students from last two years. Highlights: Expertise in lesson planning Core knowledge Commuter proficiency Conflict resolution skill Academic performance evolution Educational qualification: Education Passing Year Percentage Institute Primary 2006 87.6% ABC Secondary 2008 89.4% PQR Bachelor 2013 78.6% XYZ Figure 1: sample resume Source: developed by the author Professional Experience: 2 years experience in OPQ institute for children as a science teacher (2007 to 2009) 3 years experience as a physics teacher of OPQ secondary institute (2009 to 2012) 2 years experience as an online teacher for physics for the PQR institute for online education (2012 to 2014) 2 years experience as a fulltime physics teacher in XYZ school of Melbourne (2014 to 2016 onwards) Extracurricular activity: A certificated trainer of Kung-fu, certified by MNO institute of martial art 3 years experience certificate in rock climbing from OPQ institute of adventure sports Hobbies: Rock climbing and listening to music Part B: Porters five-force analysis for the resume company: As opined by E. Dobbs (2014) Michel Porters five forces model comprised of five different criteria. These are: the bargaining power of the consumers, the bargaining power of the suppliers, the threat of new entrants, threat of the substitutes and the competitive rivalry. The bargaining power of the consumers: In case of a resume company the bargaining power of the customers can be identified as high. There are a number of options available for the clients. Hence, the customers can curb the profit level of the organizer (Magretta 2013). The bargaining power of the suppliers: This particular industry is not typically dependent on the suppliers. The main resource of the company is the owners or the staffs skills. As mentioned by E. Dobbs (2014) a production based company is hugely dependent on the suppliers, but not a service providing company. Hence, it can be said that the bargaining power of the suppliers is low. The threat of new entrants: Starting a resume company does not include financial engagement to a large extent. Hence, it is easy for the new entrants to play in this market. It has made the threat level high. Threat of the substitutes: It can be designated as a moderate one. The online interface provides number of assistance to the customers for developing their resume free of cost. Moreover, as discussed before, the market is crowded with similar service providers. The customers can easily replace a company with other. The competitive rivalry: It is typically high in this industry. With a huge availability of the similar service providers, the market of this particular industry is facing a huge competition (Tanwar 2013). Figure 2: Porters five-force analysis for the resume company Source: developed by the author The generic strategies: Porters generic strategies can be identified as, cost leadership, differentiation and focus. Cost leadership: As the market is full of competitors and substitutes, the company may use this strategy. By reducing the price, the company may collect better customer response and reap better profit level (Teeratansirikool et al. 2013). Differentiation: The company may provide extra services, like buy one get one free, price cut for the second use and many more for making the service unique (Moon et al. 2014). Focus: Focusing on the narrower part of the service will not be profitable for this business. As there are a number of substitutes, the company needs to provide an all-inclusive service to gain a competitive advantage. Part C: Data dictionary for client database of the company: Client no. 1 Information Name : Alex Holms Age: 27 years Gender: Male Educational qualification: Bachelor in physics Professional experience: 2 years experience in OPQ institute for children as a science teacher (2007 to 2009) 3 years experience as a physics teacher of OPQ secondary institute (2009 to 2012) 2 years experience as an online teacher for physics for the PQR institute for online education (2012 to 2014) 2 years experience as a fulltime physics teacher in XYZ school of Melbourne (2014 to 2016 onwards) Recent engagement: XYZ school of Melbourne as a Physics teacher Address: 1/2 Maximums road, Melbourne, Australia Figure 3: Data dictionary for client database of the company Source: developed by the author Reference: Dobbs, M., 2014. Guidelines for applying Porter's five forces framework: a set of industry analysis templates.Competitiveness Review,24(1), pp.32-45. Magretta, J., 2013.Understanding Michael Porter: The essential guide to competition and strategy. Harvard business press. Moon, H.C., Hur, Y.K., Yin, W. and Helm, C., 2014. Extending Porters generic strategies: from three to eight.European Journal of International Management,8(2), pp.205-225. Tanwar, R., 2013. Porters generic competitive strategies.Journal of Business and Management,15(1), pp.11-17. Teeratansirikool, L., Siengthai, S., Badir, Y. and Charoenngam, C., 2013. Competitive strategies and firm performance: the mediating role of performance measurement.International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management,62(2), pp.168-184.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Is Hip Hop Dead free essay sample

I can still recall the first hip hop album I listened to. It was Reasonable Doubt by Jay Z. I remember how I instantly fell in love with the lyrics. I hadnt heard anything like it before, primarily because I only listened to R and some watered down rap music. The lyrics were hard hitting. They meant something. I could his hunger through the speakers as he rapped his song entitled Can I Live which said Well we hustle out of a sense of, hopelessness/Sort of a desperation/Through that aspiration, we come addicted/Sorts like the fiends we accustomed to serving (3-6). I also remember how my older brother looked at me like I was an idiot because I was listening to an album that had come out in 1996, in 2001. He didnt quite understand the difference between rap and hip hop music; but saw the difference right away. We will write a custom essay sample on Is Hip Hop Dead or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Hip hop means something. Rap Is just a good beat to dance to.On that day, I fell In love with hip hop. It seems as if I was introduced into the entire hip hop culture at the same time. I began to listen too lot more of the music and pay a lot more attention to the fashion and history of this culture. It was like the music was the gateway to the culture. Thats why when Nas said that hip hop was dead, I totally understood what he meant. The lyrics of one of Anas singles say Everybody sound the same, commercialism the game / Reminiscent when it wasnt all business / They forgot where It started / So we all gather here for the dearly departed. Nas took the statement even further by naming his entire album Hip Hop Is Dead. This small statement stirred up a lot of controversy. Although his claim was long awaited by mom, it had come as a surprise to others. Some perceived it as Just another one of the many shots to the up and coming (more specifically southern) rappers. Others took it as a warning to the entire Industry. However, a few people took the statement literally and were in total agreement. No matter what the perception or stand on the debate, everyone agrees that todays rap music lacks the substance that It used to.We are all in agreement that most of the music has become nothing more than a testimony to how much money you have, how many women youve had sex with, how any kilos of coke youve sold, and how many people youve killed in the process. Even with hip hop in such a predicament, some people still feel that hip hop is alive and very well. Michael Eric Tyson for one thinks that the statement was made with the sole purpose of Jump starting the culture. In an article by Charlatans Margin, Tyson was quoted saying, If he thought it was literally dead, [Nas] couldnt be making a hip hop album. (Christian, 55). In his article entitled, Hip Hop is Alive And Vital Tyson argues that hip hop is indeed alive. He says that The most powerful sign hat hip-hop culture is alive, [is the] withering critique from within about the industry. What is meant Is that hip hop isnt dead because they, as artists, are able to see and understand what the problem Is and make changes to better the situation moved from the mean streets of the South Bronx to the dirt roads of the south. Ludicrous wore a t-shirt to a recent award show saying Hip Hop didnt die it moved to the south.Southern rappers have always been the underdogs, overlooked and disrespected. They have also always been the face of change. In the early sasss it was Outcast and Surface, now it Ludicrous and T. . These southern rappers which also include artists like Soul Boy Teller and Webb feel as if their music is Just as good as Nas and Jay Z, and should be respected as such. On the other hand, there are those who do believe that hip hop has died. Kevin Powell states in his article, titled Hip Hop Culture Has Been Murdered that Hip Hop culture has been assassinated by hip hop industry desire to make money by any means necessary. (61) Some rappers today dont have the love for the music anymore. Hip hop has become Just another side hustle. As a result the music has been stripped of TTS substance. Now all that is left is what the record companies think they can market: money, sex and drugs. In the article, Kevin Powell stresses that it isnt only the rappers and record labels faults. Hip Hops blood is also on the hands of the media, including television, radio and magazines because they push these images with no conscience whatsoever (61).Kevin Powell and people who stand behind this viewpoint feel that it is okay to rap about your hardships. If you sold drugs and have been to Jail, thats your experience. They feel that its okay to write about that. However, when the experiences you speak about becomes commercialese for global consumption, without any balance, nor any conceptualization. problems arise because these experiences are now being glorified as if selling drugs and going to Jail is cool rather than being a last resort for some people who have no choice but to live that life (61).My opinion falls in the middle of these two extremes. No, hip hop isnt dead. We still have a few hip hop artists that continue to hold hip hop together. Masc. like Kenya West, Common, Taliban Swell, and Lope Fiasco are still the epitome of the hip hop culture, from their swag to their rhymes. They are still very conscious rappers. Although they rap about a few of the same things that their counterparts speak about, they still rap about things that people need to hear.For example, in one of Kenya Wests most recent songs he discusses how some people make murder look and sound like its okay, saying Chicago had over 600 caskets/man, killings some wacko sit/oh, I forgot, kept for when enigmas is rapping (8-10). However, before we can say that hip hop is alive and vital we must look at the most popular rappers in hip hop right now. Rappers like Boogie and Webb are stabbing hip hop to death. Rappers like them think that they can say whatever they want, Just as long as the beat in the background is good.The chorus of one Webbings song says nothing but these three words: Come here bitchy; however because the beat behind the music is, honestly, awesome, females may even listen to the song. This means although some of the fault lies with the rappers a lot lies with the consumers of hip hop music. Rappers make what the fans want to hear. So, consumers have as much say so as the artists, the record labels, and the media. If they dont listen to the music, rappers and record labels would have no choice but to reduce different types of songs.In turn the media will have no choice but to push I see hip hop today like a person with cancer, but in the early stages. The up and coming rappers, the record label, and the media are all like the abnormal blood cells. Theyre the cause of the problem. They are the reason hip hop is ill (and not in a good way). True hip hop lovers and true hip hop artists are the treatment. It seems like right now, we dont have enough treatment for hip hop to survive. The masses have become accustomed, almost addicted, to this unhealthy form of rap music. The music needs to change and fast.